Offence file

General principles

The law distinguishes 3 main categories of offences according to their seriousness: contraventions, offences and crimes.

The contraventions are themselves divided into 5 classes, from the least serious (1st class) to the most serious (5th class). From first to fourth class, contraventions are punished by a fixed penalty, the amount of which increases according to the seriousness of the offence.

Some additional penalties may also be imposed in addition to the fines imposed: withdrawal of points, suspension of driving licence, etc. From the 5th class onwards, the sufficiently serious nature of the offence committed justifies the transfer of the police report to a magistrate's court, which decides on the action to be taken according to whether it is a repeat offence or not.

In addition, since the 21st Century Justice (Justice du XXIe siècle) Act of 18 November 2016, certain offences may be subject to a fixed penalty procedure based on the model of the one that exists in contravention cases. Three offences are involved:

  • The offence of driving without a licence;
  • The offence of driving with a licence that does not correspond to the category of vehicle used;
  • The offence of driving with an uninsured vehicle.

Main offences

You will find below some of the most common examples of offences, presented by class of offence:

For the other offences, please consult the document Scale of Possible Fines and Point Deductions (PDF 36Ko).

Tracking your offence file

On the website, you can view your file and check the progress of your procedure.
This service gives you access to the main information contained in your offence notice: 

  • The details of the offence committed;
  • The deduction of points incurred;
  • The amount of the fine and its payment time limit.
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